CFP Jimmy Carter and the ‘Year of the Evangelicals’ Reconsidered
April 6-8, 2017
New Hampshire Institute of Politics, Saint Anselm College
Manchester, New Hampshire
In 1976 Newsweek magazine borrowed a phrase from pollster George Gallup and proclaimed that year the “Year of the Evangelicals.” Both presidential candidates – Republican Gerald Ford and Democrat Jimmy Carter – claimed to be “born again” Christians, a claim made by one third of all Americans; and significant proportions of Protestants and Catholics told Gallup’s pollsters that the Bible should be taken literally, a marker of conservative evangelical Christianity. This phenomenon caught journalists by surprise, and they struggled to understand this new segment of the electorate, beginning at the top with the candidacy of Jimmy Carter. The election of 1976 brought evangelicals back into the political arena. While many of these people supported Carter’s candidacy and made the difference in his election, the ways in which they influenced public life quickly extended beyond Carter and the Democratic Party. It also marked evangelicals’ movement from the margins of intellectual and cultural life into the mainstream. Indeed, they soon became a political and cultural force.
Some forty years later, with financial support from the Henry Luce Foundation, Saint Anselm College and the New Hampshire Institute of Politics in Manchester, New Hampshire, will host a conference in honor of that Newsweek cover story and presidential election. The conference, “Jimmy Carter and ‘The Year of the Evangelicals’ Reconsidered” aims to assess both the scholarly and popular significance of the return to public life of American evangelicals. While the Newsweek cover story provides the initial starting point, this conference aims to explore the phenomenon of evangelicals and politics more broadly.
Conference organizers seek individual paper proposals or proposals for an entire panel that analyze evangelicalism in light of its contributions to public life both in and since 1976. In many ways, scholarship on late twentieth-century evangelicalism and the rise of the Religious Right has matured. But there are still questions to be answered and new interpretations to be offered. The following research questions point to potential areas for proposals, but this list is not exhaustive and proposals that address other questions or re-imagine conventional interpretations will be welcomed.
First, with the rise of the Religious Right in the late 1970s and 1980s, the progressive evangelicalism in the Newsweek article was relegated to minority status in the political world. Why is that and what happened to its political influence in the late 20th century?
Second, in the Newsweek story, Foy Valentine, leader of the Southern Baptist Christian Life Commission, called the label “evangelical” a “Yankee” word. What made southern Protestant Christianity different from the rest of the nation (and why was it not necessarily “evangelical”)?
Third, African Americans are not often included in the category “evangelical” – especially in the political sense that characterized Newsweek’s story. What about African-American evangelicals? Where do they fit in evangelicalism’s conventional historical narrative?
Fourth, what has been evangelicals’ influence on popular culture and intellectual life since their return to public life in the 1970s?
Fifth, where are we now? Has evangelicalism’s influence on American politics diminished in the twenty-first century?
Sixth, what about the mainstream press’s treatment of evangelicals and politics? What impact did the Newsweek cover story and the election of 1976 have on journalists?
Finally, what was the relationship between Catholics and evangelicals during this period?
Individual paper proposals should include a 250-word abstract, a brief (1-page) CV, and contact information (including email address). Panel proposals should include a 500-word abstract, with brief (1-page) CVs for all participants and contact information for the panel organizer.
Direct proposals and any questions to Andrew Moore (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Deadline for submissions is November 15, 2016.